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什么是坏跑姿?

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发表于 2010-10-11 14:02:36 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

June 12, 2007

WHAT IS BAD RUNNING FORM

Dr.Romanov


什么是坏跑姿?


作者Dr.Romanov

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 楼主| 发表于 2010-10-11 14:04:01 | 显示全部楼层
June 12, 2007

WHAT IS BAD RUNNING FORM
Dr.Romanov

什么是坏跑姿?
作者Dr.Romanov



When we talk about running technique, there inevitably comes a question about good and bad running technique. If we can’t distinguish one from the other, than there is no way to correct what is wrong and to learn what is good.

当讨论跑步技术时,我们不可避免地会遇到跑步技术好坏的问题。如果不能区分好坏,我们就不可能纠正错误和学习好的东西。

This problem existed, in one way or another, in all spheres of our life, throughout entire history of humanity. It was always resolved, in every field, by developing a standard at each step of historical development. Application of this standard made it possible to recognize any deviation as an error or mistake and make a step to a higher level of the standard.

这个问题以不同的形式存在于我们生活的各个方面,存在于人类的整个历史中。在历史发展的不同阶段,这个问题的解决是建立各个领域的标准。通过标准的应用,我们能够以误差或错误的形式区分所有的不同之处,然后,建立更高水平的标准。

In running no understanding or definition of the standard of technique was ever established, either in coaching or science community, so no reasoning about good or bad running technique had ever any solid, commonly accepted base.

在跑步领域,任何教练或科学团体从来就没有建立过技术标准的概念或定义,因此,跑步技术的好坏也从来没有任何坚实的,大家认可的基础。。

Mostly, understanding of running technique (form) was a prerogative of personal preferences and opinions, based on non-systemized selected facts from experience and science research. Therefore understanding of a bad running form, which is our main topic of discussion, was unclear not only for everyone around, but for the presenters as well.

So, the qualitative and quantitative analysis of running form got no real foundation and was up to the preferences of a presenter. This situation existed from the beginning of the last century up to date. The reasoning behind the bad running form was always an eclectic combination of quantitative and qualitative parameters depending on one’s personal point of view.

主要是,对跑步技术(姿势)的理解完全是根据个人喜好和看法,以及那些非系统地选自经验和科学研究的因素。所以,在座各位和提问者都不清楚如何理解坏跑姿,这正是我们讨论的主题。

因此,跑姿的定性和定量分析没有实际的基础,完全取决于提问者的喜好。这一状况自从上世纪初延续至今。坏跑姿之后的理由总是基于个人观点的,各种各样定性和定量因数的组合。

A descriptive analysis of a bad running form was mostly popular among coaches and was related to some visible details of movement such as

•        Excessive muscular efforts and tension
•        Out of proportion movement produced by arms and legs
•        Over striding (legs movement too far forward)
•        Over kicking (legs too much behind)
•        Feet position on the ground deviated from the straight line
•        Arms moving across saggital plan of the body
•        Clinched fists and tense face
•        Too much up & down vertical body oscillation
•        Slow rate of step cadence
•        Trunk bent forward or backward
•        Head position deviated from the vertical line of the body
•        Shoulders tense and raised up

在教练之间广为流行的是对坏跑姿的描述性分析,它是基于一些可见的动作细节,比如

•        肌肉用力过大和紧张
•        双臂双腿动作比例失调
•        跨步过度(双腿太靠前)
•        踢腿过度(双腿太靠后)
•        落脚位置偏离直线
•        摆臂超过身体中垂线
•        双拳紧握和面孔紧绷
•        身体上下垂直波动太大
•        步频太慢
•        身体前俯后仰
•        头位偏离身体垂线
•        双肩紧张和高耸

Overall this list of bad form features is based on a common sense approach and a major foundation for it is a comparison with a good running form of elite athletes, but there is no real science behind it. Needless to say, that this approach is not too fruitful for learning and teaching purposes. It has too many details not connected with each other by any general idea. In short, there is no system in it.

总之,这一个坏跑姿特征表是基于常识和与精英好跑姿的比较,但是,没有什么科学背景。不用说,这一方法对于学习和教学没有太大的效果。根据一般的想法,许多细节之间没有任何联系。简而言之,该方法没有系统性。

In the Pose Method® a bad running form means a deviation from the standard in space, time and efforts, the standard being the Pose stance on the ground. The major premise behind this standard is that a forward movement of the body happens by itself, by gravity pull, during the support time on the ground, when the body deviates from the vertical line to the terminal point of leaving the ground. Therefore, everything interfering with this pull, in time, space, or efforts, produced by any body position or additional movement, is considered a bad form.

在Pose法®中,坏跑姿的意思是与空间,时间和努力标准之间的偏差, Pose的基本姿态标准。这一标准的主要前提是身体的前移是在地面支撑期间通过地心引力自行发生的,此时身体从垂线位置向离地的终点产生偏移。因此,在特定的时间,空间和努力下,由任何身体位置或附加动作产生的,干扰该引力的一切被认作坏跑姿。

As you can see, there is clear logic here in identification of elements of bad form and systemizing them. There are no personal opinions or preferences, and no ambiguity, but only one main thing is taken into account – its relation with gravity. If any given movement is soliciting gravity, it is a good form, if not, then it should be considered as a bad form. It is a simple matrix for use and it applies to any running or runner, no matter of their specialty and level.

由此可见,有一个很清晰的逻辑可以辨别坏跑姿,并将它们系统化。这里不存在任何个人看法或喜好,没有任何歧义,考虑的主要东西之一是---它与引力之间的关系。如果某一动作可以诱发引力,它是好跑姿,否则,它将被认作坏跑姿。这一方法使用简单,适用于任何跑步或跑步者,无论他们的专项和水平。


(译者:摘自posetech.com)
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发表于 2010-10-11 14:56:48 | 显示全部楼层
参考.........
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发表于 2010-10-11 15:12:54 | 显示全部楼层
学习~~~~
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发表于 2010-10-11 15:19:20 | 显示全部楼层
结论就是不要有对跑没用的和产生副作用的动作
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发表于 2010-10-11 16:49:39 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢!学习了!:handshake:handshake
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发表于 2010-10-11 16:49:55 | 显示全部楼层
学习了!
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发表于 2010-10-11 19:49:20 | 显示全部楼层
学习并改正啊
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发表于 2010-10-11 21:54:21 | 显示全部楼层
对于长跑尤其是马拉松跑来说,当一个姿势影响到体力时,会造成身体的局部疲劳,根本不可能跑得更远或更快!
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发表于 2010-10-11 22:48:53 | 显示全部楼层
基本都有。哈哈哈。
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